Brain Injury Facts & Statistics

***Every 21 seconds in the United States, someone sustains a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in the United States According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014):

• 2.8 million Americans sustain a traumatic brain injury every year.

• From 2006 to 2014, the number of TBI-related emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths increased by 53%.

• In 2014, an average of 155 people in the United States died each day from injuries that include a TBI.

• More than 56,000 people die every year as a result of TBI.

• Traumatic brain injury (TBI) disables SIX times more people each year than spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, HIV/AIDS, and breastcancer combined.

• 5.3 million Americans currently have a long-term or lifelong need for help to perform activities of daily living as a result of TBI.

• From 2001 to 2009, the rate of ED visits for sports and recreation-related injuries with a diagnosis of concussion or TBI, alone or in combinations with other injuries, rose 57% among children (age 20 or younger).

• 300,000 sport and recreation-related concussions are diagnosed nationwide each year with a possible seven times more going undiagnosed.

• From 2006 to 2010, falls were the leading cause of TBI, accounting for 40% of all TBI’s in the United States that resulted in an ED visit, hospitalization or death. Falls disproportionately affect the youngest and oldest age groups.

• About 10% of all TBI’s are due to assaults.

• Motor vehicle crashes were the leading cause of TBI-related death for children and young adults ages 5-24 years.

• Young children, teenagers and seniors are most likely to sustain a TBI.

• Although everyone is at risk, males are approx. 1.5 times more likely than females to sustain a TBI and 3 times as likely to die.

• The average high school lineman takes the equivalent of a 25-mile an hour car crash in hits to the head each season

For additional national statistics, visit the CDC website:


Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in Connecticut According to the Connecticut Department of Public Health 2010 State Health Improvement Plan:

• Traumatic brain injury has been increasing over time and the percent increase since 2008 is 61%, the average number of ED visits between 2008 and 2014 was 32,668.

• In 2014 there were 2,708 hospitalizations related to traumatic brain injury.

• Considerable numbers of TBIs result from sports-related injuries and from falls among the elderly. In addition, the number of TBI cases in some communities has resulted from veterans returning from overseas combat.

For additional state statistics, visit the Connecticut Department of Public Health website:

***These numbers do NOT take into account other  types of Acquired Brain Injury from medical conditions such as stroke, aneurysms, encephalitis or other infectious diseases, anoxix/hypoxic injury (lack of oxygen to the brain), toxic exposure, and surgical procedures. 

BIAC is the ONLY organization in Connecticut that offers support to brain injury survivors and provides prevention education completely free of charge.