Brain Injury Facts & Statistics


Each year more than 3.5 million Americans will sustain a brain injury, which is the leading cause of injury-related death and disability in the United States.

  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) disables SIX times more people each year than spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, HIV/AIDS, and breastcancer combined.
  • 5.3 million Americans currently have a long-term or lifelong need for help to perform activities of daily living as a result of TBI.
  • In 2010, about 2.5 million emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations or deaths were associated with TBI—either alone or in combination with other injuries—in the United States.
  • In CT alone, there are approximately 36,000 deaths, emergency department visits and hospitalizations that result from traumatic brain injury each year.
  • From 2001 to 2009, the rate of ED visits for sports and recreation-related injuries with a diagnosis of concussion or TBI, alone or in combinations with other injuries, rose 57% among children (age 20 or younger).
  • 300,000 sport and recreation-related concussions are diagnosed nationwide each year with a possible seven times more going undiagnosed.
  • From 2006 to 2010, falls were the leading cause of TBI, accounting for 40% of all TBI’s in the United States that resulted in an ED visit, hospitalization or death. Falls disproportionately affect the youngest and oldest age groups.
  • About 10% of all TBI’s are due to assaults.
  • Motor vehicle crashes were the leading cause of TBI-related death for children and young adults ages 5-24 years.
  • Young children, teenagers and seniors are most likely to sustain a TBI.
  • Although everyone is at risk, males are approx. 1.5 times more likely than females to sustain a TBI and 3 times as likely to die.
  • The average high school lineman takes the equivalent of a 25-mile an hour car crash in hits to the head each season.
  • BIAC is the ONLY organization in Connecticut that offers support to brain injury survivors and provides prevention education completely free of charge.

The above was adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. For original source information, please visit www.cdc.gov.